- FIN-CLARIAH Research Infrastructure
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8.12.2021 8:12 by eahyvone
- WarMemoirSampo published on December 3, 2021
A new “Sampo” application, “WarMemoirSampo”...
8.12.2021 8:04 by eahyvone
- Five new SeCo papers accepted for the ISWC 2021
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2.8.2021 6:53 by eahyvone
- Eljas Oksanen, Heikki Rantala, Jouni Tuominen, Michael Lewis, David Wigg-Wolf, Frida Ehrnsten and Eero Hyvönen: Digital Humanities Solutions for Pan-European Numismatic and Archaeological Heritage Based on Linked Open Data
- Toby Burrows, Laura Cleaver, Doug Emery, Eero Hyvönen, Mikko Koho, Lynn Ransom, Emma Thomson and Hanno Wijsman: Medieval manuscripts and their migrations: Using SPARQL to investigate the research potential of an aggregated Knowledge Graph
- Mikko Koho , Rafael Leal, Esko Ikkala, Minna Tamper, Heikki Rantala and Eero Hyvönen: Building Lightweight Ontologies for Faceted Search with Named Entity Recognition: Case WarMemoirSampo
- Matti La Mela, Fredrik Norén and Eero Hyvönen: Digital Parliamentary Data in Action (DiPaDA 2022): Introduction
Sampo Model and Series of Semantic Portals
This page presents the ”Sampo” model and series of Linked Open Data services and semantic portals (Hyvönen, 2021), based on six principles:
- Support collaborative data creation and publishing.
- Use a shared open ontology infrastructure.
- Support data analysis and knowledge discovery in addition to data exploration.
- Provide multiple perspectives to the same data.
- Standardize portal usage by a simple filter-analyze two-step cycle.
- Make clear distinction between the Linked Open Data service and the user interface (UI).
The Sampo portals listed below in the table have had millions of end users on the Web in total, suggesting feasibility and sustainability of the approach that has evolved gradually since 2002. The video below overvies the general idea on using Artificial Intelligence in Digital Humanities related to our work on the Sampo systems.
The Sampo model with the underlying Linked Open Data infrastructure in Finland are explained in the keynote presentation at the DCMI 2021 conference below:
Paradigm Shift of Semantic Portals
The Sampo model and portals aim at making a paradigm change in publishing and using cultural heritage content on the Web (Hyvönen, 2020). The contents are not only published as Linked Data but also integrated seamlessly with intelligent tools for data analysis. In our vision, AI should not only help the user in solving research problems, but also in finding new ones using Creative AI methods. We also focus on white box Explainable AI, which is important in humanities research.
In Douglas Adam’s novel “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, the computer was asked “What is the meaning of life”. The answer “42” may be right, but a researcher in humanities would also like to know “why”.
Sampo Portal Series
The Sampo series of semantic portals is listed below.
Table: Published and forth-coming semantic portals that have been implemented using the Sampo model (information updated 04/2021)
|Portal project homepage||Public URL||Publication year||Domain||Unique users||Knowledge graph(s) triple count or size||Faceted search engine||User interface framework||Primary data owner|
|1. MuseumFinland||museosuomi.fi||2004||Museum collections||39 000||210 986||OntoViews||Apache Cocoon||National Museum of Finland|
|2. CultureSampo||kulttuurisampo.fi||2008||GLAM collections||107 000||11 400 000||Custom||Tapestry||Over 20 Finnish Memory Organizations|
|3. HealthFinland||-||2008||Health information||Unknown||6 000 documents||Custom||Tapestry||Finnish institute for health and welfare|
|4. TravelSampo||-||2011||Cultural travel||Unknown||17 000 000 places||Custom||Drupal and jQuery||Several Finnish Memory Organizations|
|5. WarSampo||sotasampo.fi/en||2015||Military history||857 000||14 322 426||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||National Archives of Finland|
|6. Norssi alumni on the Semantic Web||Norssit.fi||2017||Historical person registries||?||470 000||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||Vanhat Norssit ry|
|7. U. S. Congress Prosopographer||Demonstrator||2017||Historical person registries||?||828 000||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||https://github.com/unitedstates/congress-legislators|
|8. BiographySampo||biografiasampo.fi||2018||Biographies||52 000||5 373 496||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||Finnish Literature Society|
|9. NameSampo||nimisampo.fi/en||2019||Place names||39 000||241 068 456||Sampo-UI||Institute for the Languages of Finland|
|10. WarVictimSampo 1914–1922||sotasurmat.narc.fi/en||2019||Military history||29 000||9 815 265||Sampo-UI||National Archives of Finland|
|11. Mapping Manuscript Migrations||mappingmanuscriptmigrations.org||2020||Pre-modern manuscripts||7 800||22 472 633||Sampo-UI||Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies, Bodleian Libraries, and Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes|
|12. AcademySampo||akatemiasampo.fi/en||2021||Finnish Academic People 1640–1899||2200||6 552 629||Sampo-UI||University of Helsinki, Finland|
|13. FindSampo||findsampo.fi||2021||Archaeology||TBA||1 008 720||Sampo-UI||Finnish Heritage Agency|
|14. WarMemoirSampo||sotamuistot.arkisto.fi||2021||Video memoirs of WW2 veterans||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Tammenlehvän Perinnesäätiö ry|
|16. LetterSampo projects||LetterSampo Demonstrator||TBA||Early Modern Letters 1500-1800 (Republic of Letters)||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Huygens Institute, correspSearch, University of Oxford, archives in several countries|
|15. LawSampo||TBA||TBA||Law||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Ministry of Justice, Finland|
|17. ParliamentSampo||TBA||TBA||Parliamentary data||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Parliament of Finland|
|18. CoinSampo||TBA||TBA||Archeaology||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Fínnish Heritage Agency, British Museum (PAS), Fitzwilliam Museum|
|19. HistorySampo||TBA||TBA||Historical events||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Agricola Network of Historians|
|1. BookSampo||kirjasampo.fi||2011||Finnish fiction literature||Nearly 2 million annually||8 313 263||None||Drupal||Finnish public library consortium|
|Norske stadnamn||2. toponymi.spraksamlingane.no||2019||Place names||Unknown||217 353 538||Sampo-UI||Norwegian Language Collections|
|3. Staff portal||-||2019||Human resources||Unknown||Unknown||Sampo-UI||Lingsoft Ltd.|
LetterSampo- Republic of Letters 1500-1800 on the Semantic Web
AcademySampo - Finnish Academic People 1640-1899
BiographySampo - Artificial Intelligence Reading Biographies for the Semantic Web
WarSampo - World War II on the Semantic Web
ParliamentSampo - Parliament of Finland on the Semantic Web
LawSampo - Finnish Legislation and Case Law on the Semantic Web
WarMemoirSampo - Video Interviews of veterans of the Second World War in Finland
Building a National Level Linked Open Data Infrastructure for Digital Humanities in Finland
The keynote presentation video of the DCMI 2021 confence below gives an overview of our work on developing a national Semantic Web infrastructure in Finland and its applications.
Professor Eero Hyvönen
Aalto University and University of Helsinki (HELDIG)
first.last [ at ] aalto.fi
Publications about the Sampo Model and Sampo Series as a Whole
Publications of each particular Sampo portal are available on their respective homepages listed in the above table.