Sampo Model and Series of Semantic Portals
This page presents the ”Sampo” model and series of Linked Open Data services and semantic portals, based on a 1) collaborative business model for publishing distributed heterogeneous contents, 2) a Semantic Web ontology and data infrastructure for making the contents semantically interoperable, 3) a model based on faceted search and data-analysis for solving research problems, and 4) the Sampo-UI framework for creating user interfaces easily.
Sampo portals, such as CultureSampo, BookSampo, WarSampo, BiographySampo, NameSampo, and WarVictimSampo 1914–1922, have had millions of end users on the Web in total, suggesting feasibility and sustainability of the approach developed.
New Sampos Underway
At the moment several new Sampos are being developed. For example, FindSampo is a system targeted for archaeologists and citizen science metal detectorists using the collections of the Finnish Heritage Agency, including collaborations with the British Museum and the pan-European AriadnePlus project. LawSampo publishes Finnish legislation and case law on the Semantic Web in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice. The ParliamentSampo system is being developed in collaboration with the Parliament of Finland. Our goal is to publish Finnish parliamentary discussions and related data in an intelligent web service for researchers of political culture and the general public.
Paradigm Shift of Semantic Portals
The Sampo model and portals aim at making a paradigm change in publishing and using cultural heritage content on the Web. The contents are not only published as Linked Data but also integrated seamlessly with intelligent tools for data analysis. In our vision, AI should not only help the user in solving research problems, but also in finding new ones using Creative AI methods. We also focus on white box Explainable AI, which is important in humanities research.
In Douglas Adam’s novel “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, the computer was asked “What is the meaning of life”. The answer “42” may be right, but a researcher in humanities would also like to know “why”.
Sampo Portal Series
The Sampo series of semantic portals is listed below.
Table: Published and forth-coming semantic portals that have been implemented using the Sampo model (information updated 04/2021)
|Portal||URL||Publication year||Domain||Unique users||Knowledge graph(s) triple count or size||Faceted search engine||User interface framework||Primary data owner|
|1. MuseumFinland||museosuomi.fi||2004||Museum collections||39 000||210 986||OntoViews||Apache Cocoon||National Museum of Finland|
|2. CultureSampo||kulttuurisampo.fi||2008||GLAM collections||107 000||11 400 000||Custom||Tapestry||Over 20 Finnish Memory Organizations|
|3. HealthFinland||-||2008||Health information||Unknown||6 000 documents||Custom||Tapestry||Finnish institute for health and welfare|
|4. TravelSampo||-||2011||Cultural travel||Unknown||17 000 000 places||Custom||Drupal and jQuery||Several Finnish Memory Organizations|
|5. WarSampo||sotasampo.fi/en||2015||Military history||857 000||14 322 426||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||National Archives of Finland|
|6. BiographySampo||biografiasampo.fi||2018||Biographies||52 000||5 373 496||SPARQL Faceter||AngularJS||Finnish Literature Society|
|7. NameSampo||nimisampo.fi/en||2019||Place names||39 000||241 068 456||Sampo-UI||Institute for the Languages of Finland|
|8. WarVictimSampo 1914–1922||sotasurmat.narc.fi/en||2019||Military history||29 000||9 815 265||Sampo-UI||National Archives of Finland|
|9. Mapping Manuscript Migrations||mappingmanuscriptmigrations.org||2020||Pre-modern manuscripts||7 800||22 472 633||Sampo-UI||Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies, Bodleian Libraries, and Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes|
|10. AcademySampo||akatemiasampo.fi/en||2021||Finnish Academic People 1640–1899||2200||6 552 629||Sampo-UI||University of Helsinki, Finland|
|11. FindSampo||TBA||TBA||Archaeology||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Finnish Heritage Agency|
|12. LawSampo||TBA||TBA||Law||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Ministry of Justice, Finland|
|13. LetterSampo||TBA||TBA||Early Modern Letters 1500-1800 (Republic of Letters)||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||University of Oxford and archives in several countries|
|14. ParliamentSampo||TBA||TBA||Parliamentary data||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Parliament of Finland|
|15. HistorySampo||TBA||TBA||Historical events||TBA||TBA||Sampo-UI||Agricola Network of Historians|
|16. BookSampo||kirjasampo.fi||2011||Finnish fiction literature||1 211 640 in 2019||8 313 263||None||Drupal||Finnish public library consortium|
|Norske stadnamn||toponymi.spraksamlingane.no||2019||Place names||Unknown||217 353 538||Sampo-UI||Norwegian Language Collections|
|Staff portal||-||2019||Human resources||Unknown||Unknown||Sampo-UI||Lingsoft Ltd.|
LetterSampo- Republic of Letters 1500-1800 on the Semantic Web
AcademySampo - Finnish Academic People 1640-1899
BiographySampo - Artificial Intelligence Reading Biographies for the Semantic Web
WarSampo - World War II on the Semantic Web
ParliamentSampo - Parliament of Finland on the Semantic Web
LawSampo - Finnish Legislation and Case Law on the Semantic Web
Building a National Level Linked Open Data Infrastructure for Digital Humanities in Finland
Professor Eero Hyvönen
Aalto University and University of Helsinki (HELDIG)
first.last [ at ] aalto.fi
Publications about the Sampo Model and Sampo Series as a Whole
Publications of each particular Sampo portal are available on their respective homepages listed in the above table.