Casulties of Finnish wars 1914–1922
Red prisoners at Tampere Central Square April 6th, 1918. (CC-BY Tampere 1918, E. A. Bergius, Vaprikki photo archive.)
Semantic Portal with Integrated DH Tools
WarVictimSampo 1914–1922 is a semantic portal and a Linked Open Data service
that publishes data about the war victims in Finland in 1914–1922.
The project is based on the database War Victims of Finland 1914–22 (“Sotasurmat 1914–22”) of the National Archives of Finland
and related data compiled during the project. This database contains some 40 000 death records,
most of which are due to the Finnish Civil War but some are related to the First World War and the Kindred Nations Wars.
In addition to the war victims, our data includes information about 1200 battles of the Civil War and various prisoner camps.
A key novelty of WarVictim-Sampo 1914–22 is the integration of ready-to-use Digital Humanities tooling with the data service, which allows,
e.g., studying information about wider prosopographical groups in addition to individual victims.
A more detailed presentation of the system can be found in this paper.
The semantic portal is available at
and the data service at Linked Data Finland:
More information is available at the Finnish homepage and in the publications below.
Prof. Eero Hyvönen, Aalto University and University of Helsinki (HELDIG)
MSc Heikki Rantala, Aalto University
. Semantic Web – Interoperability, Usability, Applicability, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 69-84, January, 2022. Online version published in 2021, print version in 2022. bib pdf link
Heikki Rantala, Esko Ikkala, Ilkka Jokipii, Mikko Koho, Jouni Tuominen and Eero Hyvönen: WarVictimSampo 1914–1922: A Semantic Portal and Linked Data Service for Digital Humanities Research on War History
. The Semantic Web: ESWC 2020 Satellite Events
(Harth, Andreas, Presutti, Valentina, Troncy, Raphaël, Acosta, Maribel, Polleres, Axel, Fernández, Javier D., Xavier Parreira, Josiane, Hartig, Olaf, Hose, Katja and Cochez, Michael (eds.)), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 12124, pp. 191-196, Springer-Verlag, 2020. bib pdf link
Heikki Rantala, Ilkka Jokipii, Mikko Koho, Esko Ikkala, Jouni Tuominen and Eero Hyvönen: Building a Linked Open Data Portal of War Victims in Finland 1914-1922
. DHN 2020 Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries. Proceedings of the Digital Humanities in the Nordic Countries 5th Conference
, pp. 310-317, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 2612, Riga, Latvia, October, 2020. bib pdf link
Mikko Koho, Lia Gasbarra, Jouni Tuominen, Heikki Rantala, Ilkka Jokipii and Eero Hyvönen: AMMO Ontology of Finnish Historical Occupations
. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Open Data and Ontologies for Cultural Heritage (ODOCH 19)
, vol. 2375, pp. 91-96, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Rome, Italy, June, 2019. Vol 2375. bib pdf link
This paper introduces AMMO Ontology of Finnish Historical Occupations. AMMO is based on thousands of occupation labels extracted from three Finnish military historical datasets of the early 20th century: the first consists of the ca. 40 000 war-related death records around the time of the Finnish Civil War (1914–1922); the second consists of the ca. 95 000 death records of Finnish soldiers in the Winter War and Continuation War (1939–1944); the third contains the ca. 4500 records of Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union during the WW2. Our goal from a Digital Humanities perspective is to use AMMO to study military history and these datasets based on the occupation and social status of the soldiers. AMMO will also be used as a component for faceted search and semantic recommendation in two semantic portals for Finnish military history. AMMO is aligned with the international historical occupation classification HISCO and with a modern Finnish occupational classification for international and national interoperability. The ontology is published as Linked Open Data in an ontology service.
Lia Gasbarra, Mikko Koho, Ilkka Jokipii, Heikki Rantala and Eero Hyvönen: An Ontology of Finnish Historical Occupations
. The Semantic Web: ESWC 2019 Satellite Events
(Hitzler, Pascal, Kirrane, Sabrina, Hartig, Olaf, de Boer, Victor, Vidal, Maria-Esther, Maleshkova, Maria, Schlobach, Stefan, Hammar, Karl, Lasierra, Nelia, Stadtmüller, Steffen, Hose, Katja and Verborgh, Ruben (eds.)), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 64-68, Springer, Cham, Portoroz, Slovenia, June, 2019. bib pdf link
Historical datasets often impose the need to study groups of people based on occupation or social status. This paper presents first results in creating an ontology of historical Finnish occupations, AMMO, that enables selection of groups of people based on their occupation, occupational groups, or socioeconomic class. AMMO is linked to the international historical occupation classification HISCO and to a modern Finnish occupational classification for interoperability. AMMO will be used as a component in two semantic portals for Finnish war history.